Mathematics Masterclasses 2018
Our Royal Institution Mathematics Masterclasses, jointly organised with HeriotWatt and Napier Universities, are interactive and handson supercurricular classes designed to stimulate and encourage young people in the art and practice of mathematics. Masterclasses are designed to stretch and inspire keen and talented pupils from all over the Edinburgh and Lothian regions, allowing them to broaden their mathematical knowledge and develop a sense of enjoyment in the subject. Classes are led by top experts from academia and industry, and cover a broad range of mathematical topics.
Our Mathematics Masterclasses series, jointly organised with HeriotWatt and Napier Universities, runs for eight weeks in the autumn term, starting in midSeptember. Every Saturday morning, a different speaker is invited to share their favourite part of mathematics, which could be an interesting game they've played, an aspect of their cuttingedge research, a magic trick, or an unexpected connection between maths and another subject. Classes are never just a dry lecture, but are highly interactive and a great opportunity for pupils to develop critical thinking and problemsolving skills.
Schools from the Edinburgh and Lothian regions are invited to nominate up to two S2 pupils to take part in the series; we usually accept around 90 pupils, from a mix of state and private schools. Parents cannot nominate their child directly, but are encouraged to speak to their child's teacher if they are interested. Pupils are selected based on their enthusiasm for mathematics and their work ethic rather than purely on their mathematical ability. You can find out more about Royal Institution Masterclasses here.
Program of the 2018 series
Date  Speaker  Title  Description 
22nd September  Chris Sangwin 
How Round is Your Circle? 
Mechanisms are all around us, but we often take them for granted, or don't even notice they exist. Many rely on rotating parts. That is, one circular part which fits inside another. To work smoothly and without wearing out they need to be made very accurately. In some situations this is critical to safety. How do you test if something is round? The mathematics needed to answer to this question involves the shape of the 50p coin, the NASA Space Shuttle Challenger explosion in 1986 and how to drill a square hole. 
29th September  Miguel De Carvalho  Surrounded by Data 
Statistics is the science of learning from data. We'll have a look at how statisticians have been contributing to the data science revolution, and use their methods to compare the statistics of Ronaldo and Messi, to learn how height can be related with weight, and to show how you can use statistics to detect fraud. 
6th October  Catherine Ramsay  The Elemental Solids 
Meet the three dimensional shapes that have captured the interest and imagination of mathematicians for thousands of years. We will discover their mystical origins, investigate their properties and prove important results about these and other polyhedra in a hands on exploration of the beauty and order of euclidean geometry. 
13th October 
Francesca Iezzi 
Dancing with Mathematics 
How is Maths related to folk dences, like Ceilidh? They both have something to do with patterns. Often complex dances are based on a series of simple patterns, where, after a certain number of moves and swaps, dancers return to their initial positions. Drawing on folk dances, I will introduce the area of Mathematics, called “group theory”, which lies behind the study of patterns and symmetries, then I will talk about other applications of this area. There will be space for creativity, and you will also invent your own dance! 
 
 
 
Break over school holidays. 
27th October 
Benedetta Mussati 
Building on prime numbers 
Prime numbers are those natural numbers greater than 1 which cannot be formed by multiplying two smaller natural numbers. They have fascinated people for centuries, and they are at the core of theorems defining the structure of numbers, such as the Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic. Despite intensive research, many of their aspects still remain unknown, like their apparent inexistent pattern. Today we will dive through the history of primes, the advancements made and current realworld applications such as cryptography. 
3rd November  Mark Wilkinson 
Euclid's Pictures 
Euclidean geometry is the ancient science of straight lines and circles. To get to the heart of its beauty, all you need is a pencil, a straight edge, and a pair of compasses! Despite its initial apparent simplicity, the importance of Euclidean geometry in mathematics runs deeply. Indeed, Einstein (in the very opening page of his famous book on Relativity Theory) writes about how Euclid's pictures provided him the gateway to his own profound understanding of physics. In this masterclass, we hope to reveal how drawing geometrical pictures in the spirit of Euclid can lead to a deep understanding of the geometry of the universe! 
10th November 
Des Johnston

The Game of Life 
The Game of Life was invented by a British mathematician, John Horton Conway, in 1970. It is played on a square grid like a chess board on which cells live, die or are born according to simple rules. In many ways these cells behave like living things, in spite of the simplicity of the rules that govern their fate, and this led to the name of "Life" for the game. The masterclass session first introduces the Game of Life and explains the rules. We will then play Life on a computer, exploring different starting patterns and even the effect of changing the rules, and also explore the game on paper. 
17th November  Tim Johnson 
Maths and finance: chickens and eggs 
The relationship between maths and finance is obvious, What is less well known is the role of money and commerce in stimulating the development of maths. The talk will mix examples of the relationship between maths and financial decision making with accounts of how commercial practice has influenced the development of maths and scientific theories. 
The final masterclass will end with a closing ceremony at which pupils who have regularly attended the masterclasses will be awarded a certificate. Parents are invited to this masterclass, and the morning will finish with a celebratory buffet.
The Edinburgh & Lothians Mathematics Masterclasses are supported by the University of Edinburgh, Heriot Watt University, Napier University and the Royal Institution. We are very grateful to the Glasgow Mathematical Journal Trust and the James Clerk Maxwell Foundation for their financial support of our 2017 series. If you are interested in offering us financial support for future years then we would be glad to hear from you!