Low and delayed recruitment at two grey seal breeding colonies in the UK
Paddy Pomeroy, Sophie Smout, Simon Moss, Sean Twiss and Ruth King
Universities of St. Andrews and Durham
Summary This study is concerned with changes in the recruitment of UK grey seal pups into the adult breeding population. Over 2 decades, animals were marked as pups at North Rona and the Isle of May. The proportion of these animals observed to recruit as adults was at best 0.10 on North Rona and 0.31 on the Isle of May. Double-tagged cohorts were re-sighted at the highest rates, compared with cohorts that were marked with single tags or with brands. There was also evidence of substantial interannual variation: for certain cohorts, no individuals were ever re-sighted. Absolute tag loss estimates were higher at North Rona than at the Isle of May, but not sufficient to explain the low re-sight rates there. Within the last decade, recruitment at the Isle of May appears to be occurring later than in earlier years, consistent with the effects of density dependence. There are too few tag returns from North Rona to allow the investigation of any time-dependence in recruitment, but this lack and the continued decline of pup production on North Rona suggests that recruitment there may be low. These findings have direct implications for models of UK grey seal population dynamics.